Borderline schizophrenia: Symptoms, Causes, and treatment

Borderline schizophrenia: Symptoms, Causes, and treatment

Borderline schizophrenia is a chronic mental illness that affects cognitive abilities. A person suffering from this disorder experiences altered perceptions and behavior. This disorder involves the symptoms of both bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Although both are different mental disorders but have quite similarities. If you or your loved one is suffering from borderline schizophrenia disorder, then you should know about a reliable platform that offers top-notch mental health services. However, before getting reliable therapy, you should have a better understanding of this disorder. After reading this article, you will get familiar with all the facts of borderline schizophrenia. Furthermore, you will also get familiar with the borderline schizophrenia symptoms.

What is Schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a common but complex mental illness. This medical condition affects the person’s ability to think, feel, and behave normally. Persons suffering from the schizophrenia disorder feel that they have a disconnection from reality. Their brain remains indulged in intrusive thoughts that are devoid of any fact. Moreover, most of the time, they believe that whatever they are thinking is accurate. However, when they realize that they have lost touch with reality, they get stressed. Due to their behavior, their relationship with their loved ones also gets altered.

A person suffering from schizophrenia experiences the following symptoms:

Hallucinations: Persons see or hear those things which have no existence in reality.

Delusions: Affected individuals think about those concepts that are not accurate and only occur as a result of intrusive thoughts.

Some other common symptoms of schizophrenia include:

  1. Undesired or unusual body movements
  2. Confused thoughts
  3. Altered behavioral patterns

What is bipolar disorder?
Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that alters the person’s behavior. If you have bipolar disorder, then you can experience sudden and major mood shifts. Moreover, you will also feel the reduced energy in your body. Instead of participating in social activities, you will feel pleasure while staying at home. On some days, you will experience manic episodes where you will feel intense energy with extreme feelings of excitement. While on the other hand, you will also feel sadness at some other time. That second phase involves the initiation of depressive episodes. Affected individuals then feel the sensation of hopelessness with consistent sadness.

Some common symptoms of manic episodes:

  1. Extreme excitement
  2. Full of potential
  3. Jumpy nature
  4. Talkative behavior
  5. Disturbed eating patterns
  6. Trouble in sleeping
  7. Rapid shifting of activities
  8. Undesired thoughts

While on the other hand, the symptoms of depressive episodes include:

  1. Feelings of worthlessness
  2. Emptiness
  3. Lack of interest or passion
  4. Slow body movements
  5. Overeating or reduced eating
  6. Suicidal thoughts
  7. Trouble in concentration
  8. Fatigue or tiredness

Types of Bipolar disorder
There are different types of bipolar disorder which vary based on the severity of symptoms such as:

Bipolar disorder I
Persons with bipolar disorder I experience at least one episode of mania. The symptoms of manic episodes can last for one or more weeks. Most people recover easily while some experience the major adverse effects of bipolar disorder I.

Bipolar disorder II
Bipolar disorder II involves the hypomanic and depressive episodes. Like bipolar disorder, there is more likelihood that a person suffers from one depressive episode in bipolar disorder II. Moreover, the duration of hypomanic episodes is longer as compared to depressive episodes. 

This condition comprises the symptoms of both depressive and hypomanic episodes. Symptoms affect the body for over two years or more.

What is borderline schizophrenia?
Borderline schizophrenia involves the combined occurrence of both schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Both are complex mental health conditions with numerous similarities. Therefore, the conditions exhibit a major resemblance in terms of symptoms. However, it does not mean that both mental conditions are completely similar as they involve the separate diagnosis and related factors.

Primarily, different studies have supported the occurrence of bipolar and schizophrenia symptoms in borderline schizophrenia. Experts think that they have a significant genetic relationship between them. Moreover, they also exhibit the perceptual-cognitive symptoms.

Persons suffering from borderline schizophrenia face extreme difficulty in paying attention to essential details. Moreover, they are also unable to regulate their emotions. Therefore, they also experience altered behavioral patterns that affect the quality of life. Their undesirable behavior also affects their relationships with their loved ones. Furthermore, they not only face complications in their personal life, their professional life also get affected.

Symptoms of borderline schizophrenia
Borderline schizophrenia involves both conditions of bipolar and borderline schizophrenia and the symptoms exhibit resemblance such as:

  1. Severe cognitive impairments
  2. Hormonal dysregulation
  3. Disorganized thinking patterns
  4. Delusions and hallucinations
  5. Hyperactivity
  6. Impulsive behavior
  7. Trouble in stress management
  8. Anosognosia
  9. Self-harming thoughts
  10. Fear of abandonment

What are the major differences between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder?
There are numerous similarities between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Most of the symptoms overlap making it difficult to individually diagnose both conditions. Bipolar disorder is a common personality disorder. It involves sudden alterations in mood and energy levels. Moreover, the thinking abilities are also affected. However, persons affected by schizophrenia disorder are unable to make a strong association with reality. Similarly, bipolar disorder involves depressive episodes that can last for several hours. However, persons with schizophrenia experience psychotic symptoms. Delusions and hallucinations are the major psychotic symptoms that occur during schizophrenia disorder. Psychotic conditions also adversely affect the cognitive abilities of a person.

However, the occurrence of psychotic conditions is not limited to schizophrenia. Most of the persons with bipolar disorder also experience some major symptoms of psychosis. The most common symptoms of bipolar disorder involve the persistent feeling of sadness. Individuals feel a lack of interest or motivation. They think that they are worthless and unable to participate in any productive activity. Likewise, the occurrence of intrusive thoughts is also high in bipolar disorder.

While on the other hand, individuals suffering from schizophrenia feel paranoid most of the time. Hallucinations and delusions prevent them from considering reality and living a quality life. Similarly, they also face difficulty in speech. In addition, the onset of schizophrenia symptoms occurs in early adulthood or late teenage years. Moreover, both men and women are equally affected by this disorder. Bipolar disorder diverts the person to struggling pathways of self-recognition. In addition, persons are also involved in substance abuse or alcohol consumption.

What are the main causes of borderline schizophrenia?
Different factors are responsible for causing this disorder such as:

Various recent studies have reported that borderline schizophrenia tends to run in families. If the person has any previous family history, then there is more likelihood to get suffering from borderline schizophrenia. Moreover, not a single gene is involved in this disorder. Different genetic factors can cause the onset of bipolar disorder symptoms. 

Chemical imbalances
As borderline schizophrenia involves emotional instability, various undesired changes occur in the brain. Those parts of the brain that regulate emotions are unable to perform the function optimally. Therefore, the resulting behavior is also affected. 

Environmental factors
Environmental stressors can also cause the development of borderline personality disorder. Any childhood trauma can also initiate the symptoms of this disorder. According to studies, it is suggested that approximately 70 to 80% of patients suffering from borderline schizophrenia have experienced any childhood trauma. Moreover, financial loss and the death of a loved one also act as major stress factors that can develop the symptoms of borderline schizophrenia.

Can borderline personality disorder lead to schizophrenia?
A borderline personality disorder is a common mental disorder that affects a person’s behavior. Affected individuals have reduced control over their emotions. Due to emotional dysregulation, they experience impulsive behaviors. Moreover, the ability of individuals to see their personality traits is also affected. Impulsivity affects the relationship patterns of individuals. Persons suffering from borderline personality disorder think that they are alone. The onset of borderline personality disorder occurs during the early adulthood stages. However, if the condition is left untreated, then it can lead to severe stages during late adulthood stages. Most of the adults recover from aggression and impulsive behavior.

Most individuals think that borderline personality disorder can lead to schizophrenia. However, the reality is antagonistic to this situation. Bipolar disorder won’t turn into schizophrenia, but individuals can live with both conditions. Different researchers also reported that not all schizophrenia treatments are useful for bipolar disorder. Similarly, therapeutic procedures for bipolar disorder do not result in the desired outcomes for schizophrenia.

How to treat borderline schizophrenia?
Different therapeutic procedures are considered effective in treating borderline schizophrenia treatment which include:

If the therapy does not provide the desired results, then certain medications are used to treat borderline schizophrenia which include:

  1. Antidepressants
  2. Mood stabilizers
  3. Antipsychotics
  4. Anticonvulsions
  5. Olanzapine
  6. Opioid antagonists
  7. Risperidone
  8. Clonazepam

Cognitive behavioral therapy
Cognitive behavioral therapy is the renowned talk therapy. Persons suffering from borderline personality disorder can recover easily with this therapy. For treating this disorder, this therapy is considered a basic and reliable treatment approach. Mental health therapists provide different talk therapies based on the person’s condition. The main goal of talk therapy is to assist patients with how they can improve their ability to focus and concentrate. Moreover, persons affected by this disorder also learn the strategies to regulate their emotions. They also learn how to strengthen their relationships with their family or friends. Talk therapists strive to find the main causes that negatively affect their emotions, thoughts, and behavior. After getting regular therapy sessions, persons experience reduced mood swings. They effectively learn how to overcome their intrusive thoughts.

Mentalization-based therapy
This therapy can also treat borderline personality disorder symptoms. However, this is a type of long-term psychotherapy. This theory assists the person in understanding the association between emotions, thoughts, and behavior. Individuals make appropriate sense of their thoughts. After considering their emotions and feelings, they observe things in a different and useful manner.

Schema focused therapy
This therapy involves different psychotherapy techniques that function to change the pattern of negative thoughts. This therapy was first found effective for borderline personality disorder but now it can manage the symptoms of borderline schizophrenia.

Dialectical behavior therapy
Dialectic behavioral therapy can also reap positive results for borderline personality disorder. Moreover, this therapy also involves both individual and group therapy sessions according to the person’s mental health needs. Persons with borderline schizophrenia can benefit from this therapy and learn the best possible ways to cope with frightening or distressing situations.

Other life changes
If you do not want to take any medication or therapy, then by adopting some healthy habits, you can treat or prevent the symptoms of borderline schizophrenia.  Some common useful self-care methods include:

  1. Regular workout
  2. Healthy diet
  3. Adequate sleep
  4. Meditation practises
  5. Joining support groups
  6. Extracurricular activities

Exceptional mental health support Renewed mental health group
Anyone who is struggling with borderline schizophrenia always needs phenomenal mental health support to overcome the situation. At Renewed Mental Health Group, you can find highly skilled and professional mental health therapists who can perform an effective evaluation of the disorder. Our mental health experts employ evidence-based therapies in sessions. Moreover, therapists can also provide reliable treatment for other mental issues such as obsessive-compulsive disorder, bipolar disorder, mood disorders, psychotic disorders, eating disorders, and many more. By getting the right therapy, you can perfectly manage any mental illness such as borderline schizophrenia. So don’t strive more and achieve sound mental health.

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DR. Barrios

Board-Certified Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist

Dr. Carlos Barrios is a Board-Certified Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist with over two decades of experience in mental health care. His expertise in telepsychiatry has allowed him to serve patients across California and beyond. In his practice, Dr Barrios integrates metabolic and functional methodologies, focusing on guiding patients toward medication independence and emphasizing the connection between physical and mental health.

Outside of his professional life, Dr Barrios is passionate about kettlebell training, which helps him maintain my physical and mental wellness. He cherishes visiting his family in Guatemala, to reconnecting with his cultural roots and rejuvenating his spirit. Dr Barrios is also deeply involved in transcendental meditation and rucking, practices that not only provide him with tranquility but also keep him grounded and connected to nature. These hobbies reflect his commitment to a holistic approach to health, both personally and professionally.

Keelan Aponte

Associate Marriage and Family Therapist

Keelan Aponte is a dedicated Associate Marriage and Family Therapist at Renewed Mental Health Group, under the supervision of Carly Rorem, LMFT #119474. With a solid foundation in psychology from the University of California, Riverside, and a Master’s degree in Marital and Family Therapy from Loma Linda University, Keelan brings a wealth of knowledge and expertise to his practice.

His clinical journey has seen him working directly with children, young adults, and families, offering support to individuals facing challenges such as anxiety, depression, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Keelan’s experience spans diverse socioeconomic backgrounds, religious affiliations, cultural identities, genders, and sexual orientations, reflecting his deep appreciation for the uniqueness of each individual.

Keelan is committed to fostering cultural competence in his therapeutic approach, ensuring that every client feels heard and respected. He creates a nurturing environment where clients can freely express their thoughts and emotions without fear of judgment, recognizing the importance of validating personal experiences.

While proficient in various therapeutic modalities, Keelan’s passion lies in Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT), which resonates deeply with his personal philosophy. He believes in the inherent potential for change within each individual and focuses on exploring the meanings we attach to our thoughts, behaviors, and experiences. By shifting the focus towards solutions and empowering clients to discover their own strengths, Keelan facilitates the creation of new, positive patterns in their lives.

In collaboration with his clients, Keelan embarks on a journey of self-discovery and transformation, guiding them towards a brighter, more fulfilling future. He firmly believes that every individual possesses the resilience and inner wisdom to overcome life’s challenges, drawing strength from past triumphs and embracing the possibility of new beginnings.

Mark Youssef

Associate Marriage and Family Therapist

Hi there! I am so glad you are here. I am an Associate Marriage and Family Therapist at Renewed Mental Health Group
(AMFT# 142301) under the supervision of Carly Rorem, Licensed Marriage, and Family Therapist (119474). I received my Master of Arts in Clinical Psychology, with an Emphasis in Marriage and Family Therapy from Azusa Pacific University. 

In my spare time, I enjoy doing outdoor activities like going to the beach, snorkeling, watching sunsets, and capturing moments through photography. I also cherish moments spent with loved ones and enjoy exploring new coffee shops.

In therapy, we often uncover wounds that haven’t fully healed. As these wounds resurface, therapy begins the gradual process of healing. Your bravery in seeking help is commendable, and I’m honored to support you on this journey. Together, we’ll navigate the complexities you face, uncovering insights along the way. You will be met here with compassion and support. I will walk alongside your journey with warmth and acceptance.

My passion lies in working and being committed to creating a safe space for diverse individuals: including teens and their families, adults, LGBTQ + individuals and clients of all backgrounds and identities who are facing challenges such as anxiety, depression, family conflicts, self-esteem issues, PTSD, OCD, OCPD, and ADHD. 

I typically approach my clients as a person-centered therapist through an attachment lens, providing unconditional positive regard, empathy, and compassion within a safe and nonjudgmental space. Maintaining authenticity and humanity in my interactions with my clients is key, as I strive to provide a secure emotional connection. Alongside this, I incorporate various therapeutic modalities, drawing from different clinical approaches such as CBT, humanistic therapies, SFT, and psychodynamic approaches to meet each individual’s needs. 

I am fluent in English and Arabic, facilitating effective communication with clients of diverse linguistics background, and possess experience in working with individuals aged 17 and above. 

I would be honored to accompany you through your emotional pain, help you navigate your thoughts, and support you in healing that pain. I will be here with you and for you on your journey towards self-acceptance and growth, collaboratively working together towards your personal goals. My objective? Empower you to live authentically. Let’s embark on this transformative journey together!

Nalleli Garrido

Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP

Nalleli Garrido, PMHNP-BC is a Board Certified Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. Nalleli graduated from California State University, Long Beach. Nalleli has over 7+ years of experience working with underserved communities with diverse mental health diagnoses. She loves to navigate new hobbies first hand in order to ensure patients gain meaningful coping skills. Her priority is to help patients take control of their mental health through patient education, psychotherapy and medication management.

Nalleli Garrido has experience working with various populations across the lifespan and her areas of focus include: Depression, Anxiety, Adjustment Disorder, Bipolar disorder, ADHD, and PTSD. Nalleli has experience working with incarcerated patients at several county jails, various acute and in-patient settings, and community mental health services.

Patients enjoy Nalleli’s empathetic care and her focus on identifying self-care measures to assist in therapeutic regimens. She strives to develop individualized care plans alongside client’s desired

Carly Rorem

Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist

Carly Rorem is a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist at Renewed Mental Health Group. She graduated with her Bachelor’s degree in psychology in 2015 from Biola University. She returned and received her Master of Art in Marriage and Family Therapy from Hope International University in 2017.

You may be navigating the complex terrain of depression, anxiety, or trauma, facing significant life changes, or seeking enhancement in your relationships. They seek a nonjudgmental, supportive partner in their therapeutic journey who passionately believes in their capacity for change and healing. Together, we’ll strive for resilience, understanding, and a path forward tailored to their unique goals and needs.

As a marriage and family therapist, I offer guidance to strengthen relationships, providing a nonjudgmental, supportive space for healing and connection. I am dedicated to supporting your grown with a nonjudgmental, empathetic approach. Let’s navigate your challenges together in a safe and supportive space.

Brittlin Fagundes

Associate Marriage and Family Therapist

Brittlin Fagundes is an Associate Marriage and Family Therapist at Renewed Mental Health Group. She graduated with her bachelor’s degree in Psychology from Sonoma State University. Brittlin then returned to her hometown of San Diego, California, where she received her Master of Arts in Clinical Counseling from Point Loma Nazarene University.

In her spare time, Brittlin enjoys being outdoors, spending time with her family and friends, playing and watching sports, and listening to music. Brittlin finds these activities very therapeutic, as they allow her to clear her mind and reflect and provide her pure happiness. Brittlin works with her clients to find their hobbies and interests, which can be great coping and grounding skills for needy individuals.

Brittlin has experience with various ages and populations- children, adolescents, adults and elderly, groups, LGBTQ+ individuals and families of all different socioeconomic statuses. In addition, Brittlin has worked with various diagnoses such as anxiety, depression, addiction, Bipolar Disorder, schizophrenia, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Brittlin takes pride in her ability to have a personable relationship with her clients, as she finds it vital for them to feel comfortable in her presence.

Brittlin understands that everyone carries a unique story with extraordinary hardships and stressors. She is dedicated to creating a safe and supportive environment where her clients can overcome obstacles and work toward positive change. Brittlin believes therapy should be a collaborative process that fosters personal growth and healing. Overall, Brittlin strives to use various therapeutic techniques to empower her clients to overcome their obstacles, working towards self- discovery.

Carissa Mendez-Munder

Associate Clinical Social Worker

Carissa Mendez-Munder is a Mental Health Therapist at Renewed mental Health group. Carissa is a Registered Associate Clinical Social Worker with the California Board of Behavioral Sciences. Carissa graduated with her master’s in clinical social work from Baylor University.

Carissa’s education and work experience have allowed her to work with a diverse clientele ranging from 4 to 100 years old and across all economic and cultural backgrounds. Carissa has offered individual, group, and family counseling in both English and Spanish for these diverse caseloads. Carissa has provided counseling, emotional and communication skills groups, and grief and anger management groups at the elementary, middle, and high school ages. Carissa works most commonly with diagnoses of Anxiety, Depression, Anger management, life-stage struggles, adjustment disorders, ADHD, family conflict (including non-traditional family arrangements, LGBTQIA+ youth), prolonged grief, and PTSD.

Carissa’s experience has given her more perspective on how external influences, systems, and traumatic experiences in a person’s life can affect their overall health and well-being. Carissa works with her clients using a strengths-based perspective and person-centered approaches to counseling to sharpen tools, skills, and any other client strengths. Carissa works to create a “toolkit” with her clients to better work with these external influences. Carissa believes that every person can change and has the tools to do so. Her role as a therapist is to draw attention to these tools and strengths and help the client find their motivations. Carissa believes in a person’s inherent worth and dignity and their right to live a fulfilling life. Carissa takes pride in seeing her clients achieve their therapy goals and grow their confidence and self-determination. Carissa offers a safe space for her clients for in-person or telehealth sessions and is currently accepting new patients.

Taryn A. Joyce


Taryn is a board-certified psychiatric nurse practitioner with 6+ years of experience in mental health care. Taryn earned her Masters’ of Science in Nursing degree from California State University, Long Beach. Taryn specializes in ADHD, anxiety disorders, depression/mood disorders, schizophrenia, PTSD, and personality disorders. Taryn utilizes a patient-centered approach emphasizing collaboration and empowerment, ensuring each individual receives personalized care tailored to their unique needs.

Taryn has years of experience in inpatient and outpatient mental health settings, most recently in the community mental health setting, serving clients from various backgrounds, ethnicities, cultures, genders, and socioeconomic statuses. As a committed advocate, Taryn brings a blend of expertise in psychiatric nursing, evidence-based interventions, and a compassionate approach to foster positive outcomes. Taryn looks forward to partnering with you on your journey to mental wellness.

Alice Kim


Alice Kim is a board-certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner. Alice has many years of experience in psychiatry in acute inpatient and outpatient settings.

She believes that mental health is essential but is often a forgotten or invisible part of healthcare.She wants to be an advocate and caregiver for the vulnerable population in a compassionate, empathetic, and nonjudgmental approach.

Alice has made it her life’s passion to utilize her skills to help others aware of their illness and offer patients and their families quality care, support, and guidance during a time of difficulty.

Alice Kim 은 이사회 인증을 받은 정신과 정신 건강 간호사 실무자입니다.

앨리스는 급성기 입원환자 및 외래에서 수년간 정신과에서 근무한 경험이 있다.

그녀는 정신 건강은 필수적이지만, 종종 의료에서 잊혀지거나 보이지 않는 부분이라고 믿는다. 그녀는 연민적이고, 공감적이며, 비판적이지 않은 접근으로 취약한 사람들을 옹호하고 돌보는 사람이 되기를 원한다. Alice는 자신의 기술을 활용하여 다른 사람들이 자신의 질병을 인지하도록 돕고, 환자와 가족의 간병, 지원 및 어려운 시기에 안내를 제공하는 것을 자신의 삶의 열정으로 삼았습니다.

Alice는 2개 국어를 구사하며 한국어에 능통하기 때문에 한국어로 말하는 환자에게 도움이 될 수 있는데, 이는 혼란을 없애고 환자 만족을 제공하며 양질의 의료 서비스를 제공하는 데 도움이 되기 때문입니다.

Cristian Cuevas


Cristian Cuevas, PMHNP-BC, is a highly skilled board-certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner with over seven years of experience in inpatient psychiatry and mental health.

A California State University Long Beach graduate, Cristian also earned recognition as a board-certified psychiatric mental health registered nurse. With a wealth of expertise in adult psychiatric care across the lifespan, Cristian has successfully diagnosed and treated a diverse range of mental health disorders.

Additionally, his specialized experience in child and adolescent inpatient populations further enhances his ability to provide comprehensive and compassionate mental health care.