Does depression cause memory loss? Know the top facts!

Does depression cause memory loss? Know the top facts!

Are you feeling depressed and facing some cognitive issues at the same time? Then you might be at risk of memory loss. Depression is a common mental disorder in which a person experiences continuous depressed emotions and fear. Moreover, persons with depression are unable to effectively participate in productive life activities. Various symptoms of depression act as a major obstacle to living a normal life. However, memory loss is one of the chronic symptoms of depression. If you want to know more that does depression causes memory loss then read this article thoroughly. Furthermore, you will also get a clear insight into how can anxiety and depression cause memory loss. So what are you looking for? Take a step ahead and acquire the valuable information that can give you mental well being. 

Can anxiety and depression cause memory loss?
Do you consider your daily tasks purposeless? If you think that moving through life’s challenges is difficult then you might be suffering from depression. A depressed person faces various obstacles in their personal and professional life. Moreover, in major cases, the prolonged depression affects the memory. However, you do not need to take stress as Renewed Mental Health Group offers top-notch mental health services that can treat your depression and associated memory loss.

Aging is an inevitable process that affects the overall person’s life. However, aging majorly affects the memory. Older persons are unable to remember different things and face difficulty in paying attention to important details. Moreover, different studies have reported that the level of neurotransmitters also decreases with the aging process. After a specific age, neurons are unable to effectively perform the coordination between the brain and body.

Furthermore, older people are more prone to suffer from memory loss. Both males and females can experience memory loss due to prolonged depression. Various recent studies have reported a strong association between depression and memory loss. In addition, researchers have answered the question: does depression cause memory loss? Persons suffering from depression can experience memory loss at any point in their lives. A person should have a clear idea of whether depression causes memory loss or not.

Does depression cause dementia?
Depression does not immediately result in the memory. However, you should be completely familiar with does depression causes memory loss. First, depression affects common cognitive abilities. Affected persons are unable to remember things and move towards forgetfulness. In addition, they also feel confused in making normal decisions. They face difficulties in the interpretation of real-time facts. Moreover, they don’t feel any interest in focusing on their life chores. Lack of motivation is also a major symptom of their affected neurocognitive abilities. However, depression can also cause the onset of long-term memory symptoms.

Furthermore, depression also causes various other negative alterations in the body such as:

  • Trouble in sleep-wake cycles
  • Reduced appetite
  • Lack of passion
  • Sudden drastic change in weight
  • Preference of isolation
  • Feeling little energy
  • Fatigue
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Headache
  • Body ache
  • Major depressive disorder

What are the different types of memory?
Getting the idea of different types of memory is also significant in determining whether depression causes memory loss.  There are some different types of memories which include:

Sensory memory
As the name indicates, sensory memory involves the information of sensory signals. Moreover, different types of sensory signals are linked to memory processing which involves short-term and long-term memory. The duration of this memory is short and only lasts for just one second.

Short-term memory
The duration of short-term memory is also different from the sensory memory. Short-term memory lasts for 60 seconds.

Long-term memory
Long-term memory can last for several hours, days, or months. Moreover, the hippocampus is involved in the processing of long-term memory. After the processing, information is stored in different brain regions.

Working memory
There is a strong resemblance between short-term memory and working memory.

In this type of memory, information is manipulated by the person. Working memory is utilized in different ways. If a person is solving a mathematical problem then working memory is used.

Likewise, if you are cooking something and suddenly you forget certain things then you rely on the working memory to remember those things. Furthermore, arguments during discussion also require the effective functioning of working memory.

Semantic memory
This memory is related to general knowledge. Students who learn certain things store the information in the form of semantic memory. Moreover, those life events that a person never experiences also result in the formation of semantic memory.

Episodic memory
Episodic memories are associated with memories of unforgettable events. Moreover, the childhood experiences also result in the formation of episodic memory. 

Stages of memory formation
The process of memory formation and processing is extremely complex. The following steps are involved which also make this concept obvious does depression cause memory loss?

Encoding involves the brain’s ability to receive external stimuli. Different five senses are responsible for resounding the external factors.

The next step involves the processing of brain information. Moreover, the hypothalamus and hippocampus are involved in memory processing. Memory is not stored in a specific place and is distributed in different brain regions. Furthermore, different brain parts are responsible for memory processing which includes short-term memory and long-term memory.

Recalling of memories
In the last step, memory is retrieved from the brain. The memory that is stored in different brain regions is stored all over the brain. Then all the different memory pieces are reassembled. 

How can you diagnose the memory loss?
There are different ways to diagnose memory loss. Moreover, mental health experts perform a physical evaluation test to effectively analyze the symptoms of memory loss. Different questions are asked of the patients such as:

  1. For how many days, have you been experiencing memory loss?
  2. Do you feel difficulty in doing different tasks?
  3. Do you drink alcohol?
  4. Have you ever experienced any trauma or brain injury?
  5. Do you think that your normal life is affected?
  6. How often do you feel depressed or anxious?
  7. Do you prefer isolation or engaging in social activities?
  8. Do you have any previous medical history?
  9. Is any of your parent is suffering from depression?
  10. Are you taking any kind of medications?
  11. Are you willing to initiate any treatment therapy?

Cognitive test
Cognitive tests are also used to assess the symptoms of depression and resulting memory loss. These tests have a strong association with the condition that depression causes memory loss. In addition, these tests are used to determine whether a person needs further evaluation tests or not. The motive of cognitive tests is to determine the different cognitive abilities such as thinking, memory, and problem-solving skills. Furthermore, the duration of cognitive tests also varies depending on the person’s condition. Some cognitive tests are brief while some are longer and also exhibit more complexity.

Neurological evaluation
In neurological evaluation tests, affected persons are asked to do certain things. Moreover, they are asked to name objects. In addition, it also involves different tests that evaluate the reflex actions. Furthermore, eye movement, speech as well as body coordination is also determined. Different therapists also perform brain imaging tests to determine the brain structure and activity. Persons with depression face difficulties in recalling positive events in their lives. They only remain indulged in their intrusive thoughts. They spend major time remembering their negative life experiences.

Can long-term depression cause memory loss?
Various external factors can cause the condition that does depression cause memory loss.

Sufficient nutrition
A healthy and balanced diet is also essential for brain health. Your diet should include an effective quantity of proteins, carbohydrates, and proteins. Moreover, different vitamins are also effective for improved body and brain health. Vitamin B1 and B12 are responsible for regulating the memory. However, if your diet is deficient in nutrients, your memory will also be affected.

Adequate sleep
Sleep is also responsible for the improved brain health. If the person is not getting sufficient sleep, there is a greater possibility of memory loss. Moreover, it can affect the functioning of neurons which are specifically involved in the processing of memories.

Emotional trauma
Any frightening situation that happened in the past can lead to emotional dysregulation.

Does only depression affect memory loss?
Some additional factors also explain the fact that does depression cause memory loss. Other than depression, various factors can alter cognitive functioning such as:

  1. Thyroid issues
  2. Excessive intake of medicines
  3. Head injury
  4. Physical trauma
  5. Intake of alcohol
  6. Mild cognitive impairment
  7. Dementia
  8. Alzheimer disease
  9. Parkinson disease
  10. Stroke
  11. Deficiency of nutrients
  12. Multiple sclerosis
  13. Mood disorders
  14. Major Depressive disorder

How does depression cause memory loss?
When the person is depressed, numerous changes occur in the brain. The fact that does depression cause memory loss is evident through numerous studies. First, the body’s sympathetic system gets activated which in turn causes the stimulation of a fight or flight response. The main goal of this system is to prepare the body to deal with different emergencies. Moreover, cortisol is the major hormone that is released during frightful situations.

Persons with depressive phases have smaller-sized hippocampus as compared to the normal brain. During this depressive stage, most of the symptoms are identical to the dementia. Although, it’s not obvious that the symptoms are of dementia. However, this condition is referred to as pseudodementia. This involves the occurrence of those disorders whose symptoms mimic dementia.

Similarly, the amygdala is also responsible for controlling various brain functions. It not only regulates the processing of memories but also controls the learning capabilities. Different studies have reported that depression affects the amygdala and can cause memory loss.

Is memory loss caused by depression permanent?
This is not a fact that memory loss caused by depression is untreatable. The severe symptom of depression is memory loss which explains the fact that depression causes memory loss.  Moreover, different studies have reported the effectiveness of therapeutic molecules against depression and memory loss.

How to manage depression that causes memory loss?
If you want to remain healthy and experience mental well being, then simply follow the few basic things to heal from depression that can cause memory loss. You just have to follow a few basic life principles that support brain function and structure. Ultimately, you will get familiar with that does depression cause memory loss.

Psychiatric medication management
If depression and memory loss become severe, then different medicines are recommended by the experts.

Antidepressants are the common medicines that are used to treat depression and memory loss. The most common antidepressants include:

  1. Serotonin modulators
  2. Typical depressants
  3. Atypical depressants
  4. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
  5. Selective / norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors
  6. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors

However, the person should take antidepressants after the proper recommendation. Some common side effects include:

  1. Headache
  2. Drowsiness
  3. Sexual dysfunction
  4. Diarrhea
  5. Gastrointestinal issues

The appropriate intake of antidepressants can prevent the condition that depression cause memory loss.

Exercise routine
Whenever you are feeling stressed, don’t lose hope. Make a schedule of daily exercise and regularly follow it. Exercise is the best way to deal with depression and associated medical conditions. Moreover, regular workouts are not only effective for the body but also enhance brain functioning. Under the effect of hormones, the person feels pleasure and a soothing effect on the entire body. Mind strengthening exercises, strength training, and aerobic exercises are the major workout which has proved to be effective against depression and memory loss.

Meditation exercises
There are various significant effects of meditation on the brain. A large number of studies have reported a strong association between meditation exercises and enhanced brain function. Regular meditation exercises cause rapid blood flow towards the brain. Moreover, it also positively affects the cerebral cortex and affects memory functioning and processing. Different researchers supported the fact that 20 minutes of exercise is sufficient to achieve enhanced brain activity. However, the extended duration results the improved outcomes. Furthermore, meditation exercises are also responsible for regulating emotions.

Brain exercises
Your brain and body have the same requirements. Just like your body, your brain also needs relaxation to perform effectively. If your brain is healthy and active, then it will remain more focused. In addition, there will be a reduced chance of memory loss. However, if you are unable to go to any gym, then you can simply perform the brain exercises by sitting at your home. Different mental health therapists also suggest performing different puzzles to improve analytical abilities.

Learning a new and innovative skill
If you think that your stress or anxiety is affecting your memory and in the future, you can experience memory loss, then you should take some steps to prevent this. Moreover, you can learn any new or creative skill to keep your mind busy with positive thinking. Learning a new skill can significantly strengthen the connections within your brain. When you focus on positive thinking, you push out all the negative memories from your brain. Furthermore, you can learn anything such as any game or physical activity. Similarly, you can also learn any musical instrument. Ultimately, it provides the instant sensation of pleasure or relief.

Tai Chi
Tai Chi is also an effective exercise for enhanced brain functioning. It involves slow and progressive body movements. Moreover, tai chi works on the meditation principle and develops a strong association between your body and brain. Furthermore, tai chi movements show great resemblance with dance movements so a person also enjoys the exercise.

Cognitive behavioral therapy
Cognitive behavior therapy alters the person’s behavior. If a person is facing any kind of psychological problem, then cognitive issues can help. This therapy acts as a restorative therapy and can treat memory loss. Therefore, talk therapy is ideal for overcoming mental challenges.

Speech therapy
A person facing the issues of memory loss can also face difficulty in speech. However, the situation is not the same for everyone. For those people who experience memory loss with speech, speech therapy can do wonders for them.

Occupational therapy
Just like other therapies, occupational therapy is also effective in treating memory loss. Persons with depression and memory loss face difficulty in learning new skills or techniques. With the help of occupational therapy, individuals can assist them in remembering new facts. Moreover, occupational memory not only improves their memory but also positively affects emotional dysregulation.

Concluding Remarks
Depression is more than sadness. Affected individuals face difficulty in living a healthy and normal life. Moreover, depression can affect different body organs and functions. Memory loss is one of the major chronic symptoms of depression. At Renewed Metal Health group, you can find the best mental health therapists who can treat depression and memory loss. After getting the idea that  does depression cause memory loss, you will get the best treatment for depression and memory loss. Does depression cause memory loss? Know the top facts!

Latest Post

Sign up our newsletter to get article update about health mental and psychologist therapy.

Scroll to Top

DR. Barrios

Board-Certified Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist

Dr. Carlos Barrios is a Board-Certified Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist with over two decades of experience in mental health care. His expertise in telepsychiatry has allowed him to serve patients across California and beyond. In his practice, Dr Barrios integrates metabolic and functional methodologies, focusing on guiding patients toward medication independence and emphasizing the connection between physical and mental health.

Outside of his professional life, Dr Barrios is passionate about kettlebell training, which helps him maintain my physical and mental wellness. He cherishes visiting his family in Guatemala, to reconnecting with his cultural roots and rejuvenating his spirit. Dr Barrios is also deeply involved in transcendental meditation and rucking, practices that not only provide him with tranquility but also keep him grounded and connected to nature. These hobbies reflect his commitment to a holistic approach to health, both personally and professionally.

Keelan Aponte

Associate Marriage and Family Therapist

Keelan Aponte is a dedicated Associate Marriage and Family Therapist at Renewed Mental Health Group, under the supervision of Carly Rorem, LMFT #119474. With a solid foundation in psychology from the University of California, Riverside, and a Master’s degree in Marital and Family Therapy from Loma Linda University, Keelan brings a wealth of knowledge and expertise to his practice.

His clinical journey has seen him working directly with children, young adults, and families, offering support to individuals facing challenges such as anxiety, depression, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Keelan’s experience spans diverse socioeconomic backgrounds, religious affiliations, cultural identities, genders, and sexual orientations, reflecting his deep appreciation for the uniqueness of each individual.

Keelan is committed to fostering cultural competence in his therapeutic approach, ensuring that every client feels heard and respected. He creates a nurturing environment where clients can freely express their thoughts and emotions without fear of judgment, recognizing the importance of validating personal experiences.

While proficient in various therapeutic modalities, Keelan’s passion lies in Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT), which resonates deeply with his personal philosophy. He believes in the inherent potential for change within each individual and focuses on exploring the meanings we attach to our thoughts, behaviors, and experiences. By shifting the focus towards solutions and empowering clients to discover their own strengths, Keelan facilitates the creation of new, positive patterns in their lives.

In collaboration with his clients, Keelan embarks on a journey of self-discovery and transformation, guiding them towards a brighter, more fulfilling future. He firmly believes that every individual possesses the resilience and inner wisdom to overcome life’s challenges, drawing strength from past triumphs and embracing the possibility of new beginnings.

Mark Youssef

Associate Marriage and Family Therapist

Hi there! I am so glad you are here. I am an Associate Marriage and Family Therapist at Renewed Mental Health Group
(AMFT# 142301) under the supervision of Carly Rorem, Licensed Marriage, and Family Therapist (119474). I received my Master of Arts in Clinical Psychology, with an Emphasis in Marriage and Family Therapy from Azusa Pacific University. 

In my spare time, I enjoy doing outdoor activities like going to the beach, snorkeling, watching sunsets, and capturing moments through photography. I also cherish moments spent with loved ones and enjoy exploring new coffee shops.

In therapy, we often uncover wounds that haven’t fully healed. As these wounds resurface, therapy begins the gradual process of healing. Your bravery in seeking help is commendable, and I’m honored to support you on this journey. Together, we’ll navigate the complexities you face, uncovering insights along the way. You will be met here with compassion and support. I will walk alongside your journey with warmth and acceptance.

My passion lies in working and being committed to creating a safe space for diverse individuals: including teens and their families, adults, LGBTQ + individuals and clients of all backgrounds and identities who are facing challenges such as anxiety, depression, family conflicts, self-esteem issues, PTSD, OCD, OCPD, and ADHD. 

I typically approach my clients as a person-centered therapist through an attachment lens, providing unconditional positive regard, empathy, and compassion within a safe and nonjudgmental space. Maintaining authenticity and humanity in my interactions with my clients is key, as I strive to provide a secure emotional connection. Alongside this, I incorporate various therapeutic modalities, drawing from different clinical approaches such as CBT, humanistic therapies, SFT, and psychodynamic approaches to meet each individual’s needs. 

I am fluent in English and Arabic, facilitating effective communication with clients of diverse linguistics background, and possess experience in working with individuals aged 17 and above. 

I would be honored to accompany you through your emotional pain, help you navigate your thoughts, and support you in healing that pain. I will be here with you and for you on your journey towards self-acceptance and growth, collaboratively working together towards your personal goals. My objective? Empower you to live authentically. Let’s embark on this transformative journey together!

Nalleli Garrido

Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP

Nalleli Garrido, PMHNP-BC is a Board Certified Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. Nalleli graduated from California State University, Long Beach. Nalleli has over 7+ years of experience working with underserved communities with diverse mental health diagnoses. She loves to navigate new hobbies first hand in order to ensure patients gain meaningful coping skills. Her priority is to help patients take control of their mental health through patient education, psychotherapy and medication management.

Nalleli Garrido has experience working with various populations across the lifespan and her areas of focus include: Depression, Anxiety, Adjustment Disorder, Bipolar disorder, ADHD, and PTSD. Nalleli has experience working with incarcerated patients at several county jails, various acute and in-patient settings, and community mental health services.

Patients enjoy Nalleli’s empathetic care and her focus on identifying self-care measures to assist in therapeutic regimens. She strives to develop individualized care plans alongside client’s desired

Carly Rorem

Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist

Carly Rorem is a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist at Renewed Mental Health Group. She graduated with her Bachelor’s degree in psychology in 2015 from Biola University. She returned and received her Master of Art in Marriage and Family Therapy from Hope International University in 2017.

You may be navigating the complex terrain of depression, anxiety, or trauma, facing significant life changes, or seeking enhancement in your relationships. They seek a nonjudgmental, supportive partner in their therapeutic journey who passionately believes in their capacity for change and healing. Together, we’ll strive for resilience, understanding, and a path forward tailored to their unique goals and needs.

As a marriage and family therapist, I offer guidance to strengthen relationships, providing a nonjudgmental, supportive space for healing and connection. I am dedicated to supporting your grown with a nonjudgmental, empathetic approach. Let’s navigate your challenges together in a safe and supportive space.

Brittlin Fagundes

Associate Marriage and Family Therapist

Brittlin Fagundes is an Associate Marriage and Family Therapist at Renewed Mental Health Group. She graduated with her bachelor’s degree in Psychology from Sonoma State University. Brittlin then returned to her hometown of San Diego, California, where she received her Master of Arts in Clinical Counseling from Point Loma Nazarene University.

In her spare time, Brittlin enjoys being outdoors, spending time with her family and friends, playing and watching sports, and listening to music. Brittlin finds these activities very therapeutic, as they allow her to clear her mind and reflect and provide her pure happiness. Brittlin works with her clients to find their hobbies and interests, which can be great coping and grounding skills for needy individuals.

Brittlin has experience with various ages and populations- children, adolescents, adults and elderly, groups, LGBTQ+ individuals and families of all different socioeconomic statuses. In addition, Brittlin has worked with various diagnoses such as anxiety, depression, addiction, Bipolar Disorder, schizophrenia, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Brittlin takes pride in her ability to have a personable relationship with her clients, as she finds it vital for them to feel comfortable in her presence.

Brittlin understands that everyone carries a unique story with extraordinary hardships and stressors. She is dedicated to creating a safe and supportive environment where her clients can overcome obstacles and work toward positive change. Brittlin believes therapy should be a collaborative process that fosters personal growth and healing. Overall, Brittlin strives to use various therapeutic techniques to empower her clients to overcome their obstacles, working towards self- discovery.

Carissa Mendez-Munder

Associate Clinical Social Worker

Carissa Mendez-Munder is a Mental Health Therapist at Renewed mental Health group. Carissa is a Registered Associate Clinical Social Worker with the California Board of Behavioral Sciences. Carissa graduated with her master’s in clinical social work from Baylor University.

Carissa’s education and work experience have allowed her to work with a diverse clientele ranging from 4 to 100 years old and across all economic and cultural backgrounds. Carissa has offered individual, group, and family counseling in both English and Spanish for these diverse caseloads. Carissa has provided counseling, emotional and communication skills groups, and grief and anger management groups at the elementary, middle, and high school ages. Carissa works most commonly with diagnoses of Anxiety, Depression, Anger management, life-stage struggles, adjustment disorders, ADHD, family conflict (including non-traditional family arrangements, LGBTQIA+ youth), prolonged grief, and PTSD.

Carissa’s experience has given her more perspective on how external influences, systems, and traumatic experiences in a person’s life can affect their overall health and well-being. Carissa works with her clients using a strengths-based perspective and person-centered approaches to counseling to sharpen tools, skills, and any other client strengths. Carissa works to create a “toolkit” with her clients to better work with these external influences. Carissa believes that every person can change and has the tools to do so. Her role as a therapist is to draw attention to these tools and strengths and help the client find their motivations. Carissa believes in a person’s inherent worth and dignity and their right to live a fulfilling life. Carissa takes pride in seeing her clients achieve their therapy goals and grow their confidence and self-determination. Carissa offers a safe space for her clients for in-person or telehealth sessions and is currently accepting new patients.

Taryn A. Joyce


Taryn is a board-certified psychiatric nurse practitioner with 6+ years of experience in mental health care. Taryn earned her Masters’ of Science in Nursing degree from California State University, Long Beach. Taryn specializes in ADHD, anxiety disorders, depression/mood disorders, schizophrenia, PTSD, and personality disorders. Taryn utilizes a patient-centered approach emphasizing collaboration and empowerment, ensuring each individual receives personalized care tailored to their unique needs.

Taryn has years of experience in inpatient and outpatient mental health settings, most recently in the community mental health setting, serving clients from various backgrounds, ethnicities, cultures, genders, and socioeconomic statuses. As a committed advocate, Taryn brings a blend of expertise in psychiatric nursing, evidence-based interventions, and a compassionate approach to foster positive outcomes. Taryn looks forward to partnering with you on your journey to mental wellness.

Alice Kim


Alice Kim is a board-certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner. Alice has many years of experience in psychiatry in acute inpatient and outpatient settings.

She believes that mental health is essential but is often a forgotten or invisible part of healthcare.She wants to be an advocate and caregiver for the vulnerable population in a compassionate, empathetic, and nonjudgmental approach.

Alice has made it her life’s passion to utilize her skills to help others aware of their illness and offer patients and their families quality care, support, and guidance during a time of difficulty.

Alice Kim 은 이사회 인증을 받은 정신과 정신 건강 간호사 실무자입니다.

앨리스는 급성기 입원환자 및 외래에서 수년간 정신과에서 근무한 경험이 있다.

그녀는 정신 건강은 필수적이지만, 종종 의료에서 잊혀지거나 보이지 않는 부분이라고 믿는다. 그녀는 연민적이고, 공감적이며, 비판적이지 않은 접근으로 취약한 사람들을 옹호하고 돌보는 사람이 되기를 원한다. Alice는 자신의 기술을 활용하여 다른 사람들이 자신의 질병을 인지하도록 돕고, 환자와 가족의 간병, 지원 및 어려운 시기에 안내를 제공하는 것을 자신의 삶의 열정으로 삼았습니다.

Alice는 2개 국어를 구사하며 한국어에 능통하기 때문에 한국어로 말하는 환자에게 도움이 될 수 있는데, 이는 혼란을 없애고 환자 만족을 제공하며 양질의 의료 서비스를 제공하는 데 도움이 되기 때문입니다.

Cristian Cuevas


Cristian Cuevas, PMHNP-BC, is a highly skilled board-certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner with over seven years of experience in inpatient psychiatry and mental health.

A California State University Long Beach graduate, Cristian also earned recognition as a board-certified psychiatric mental health registered nurse. With a wealth of expertise in adult psychiatric care across the lifespan, Cristian has successfully diagnosed and treated a diverse range of mental health disorders.

Additionally, his specialized experience in child and adolescent inpatient populations further enhances his ability to provide comprehensive and compassionate mental health care.