What You Need to Know About Different Types of Moods

What You Need to Know About Different Types of Moods

Mood is one of the most common and important psychological phenomena and affects your life, behavior, thinking, and health. This is not just a state of mind, it is a complex process, influenced by many indicators, biological, social, cultural, personal, and situational. Moods can change from moment to moment or persist for a long time. It can be positive or negative, stable or unstable, bright or pale, expressed or hidden.

But what are the different types of moods from the point of view of human psychology? How does it arise and how to measure it?  We will try to discover these and other questions in this article.

What Is the Mood?

Mood is a person’s general emotional state, which is characterized by a certain tone (positive or negative), intensity (strong or weak), and duration (short-term or long-term). It differs from emotions and feelings in that it is less specific, less associated with specific objects or events, and less subject to volitional control.

Mood can be defined as a “subcutaneous” state that permeates all aspects of an individual’s psyche: his thoughts, perceptions, memory, motivation, will, behavior, and self-awareness. It can be either a background for other emotional reactions or an independent phenomenon. It can be the result of the influence of various factors (external or internal) or the cause of their change. There are various

Different types of moods can be measured using a variety of methods: self-observation, self-report, observation of behavior and facial expressions, psychophysiological measurements (e.g. heart rate, blood pressure, hormone levels), psychometric tests (the best known are the Bradburn Mood Scale, Havens Differential Scale, Dung’s anxiety). However, none of these methods is completely accurate and objective, since mood is a subjective and complex psychological phenomenon that depends on many variables.

What Is the Mood Like?

Mood can be classified according to different criteria. One of the most frequently used criteria is the tone of the mood, that is, its positivity or negativity. Based on this criterion, two main types of affect and mood can be distinguished: positive and negative.

  • A positive mood is a state of joy, pleasure, optimism, enthusiasm, satisfaction, and gratitude.
  • Negative is a state of sadness, anxiety, irritation, guilt, fear, anger.

However, the tone of a person’s mood is not the only parameter by which it can be described.

Different Types of Moods Based On Intensity 

Another important parameter is intensity, that is, strength or depth. Based on this parameter, four levels of mood can be distinguished: weak, medium, strong, and extreme.

  • Low mood is a condition in which a person experiences almost no emotional experiences or they are very superficial and not noticeable.
  • Average is a state in which a person experiences moderate emotions and feelings or they are quite bright and noticeable.
  • When strong, a person experiences intense emotions and feelings.
  • Finally, extreme mood is a state in which a person experiences excessive emotional experiences that are unbearable and uncontrollable.

Kinds of Moods Based on Duration And Stability 

Another parameter by which kinds of moods can be characterized is their duration and stability. Based on this parameter, three mood types can be distinguished: short-term, medium-term, and long-term.

  • A short-term mood is a state that lasts a few minutes or hours and changes quickly under the influence of various reasons.
  • Medium-term – a condition that can last several days or weeks and is less susceptible to change.
  • Long-term mood is a condition that lasts for months or years and is very resistant to impact.

What Does Your All Types of Moods Depend On?

Mood depends on many circumstances that influence the emotional background. They are divided into three general groups associated with the material, mental, and spiritual spheres.

The physiological nature is closely related to the production of hormones that increase or decrease mood. The most important substances that directly affect emotions:

  • Adrenaline is a dangerous hormone that forces the body to work for wear and tear;
  • Dopamine is a substance that induces self-confidence;
  • Cortisol is a hormone of stress, emotional and physical exhaustion;
  • Norepinephrine is a shock hormone associated with physical injury or nervous strain;
  • Oxytocin is a hormone of trust, pleasant sensations, and relaxation;
  • Serotonin is the hormone of pleasure and good mood;
  • Endorphins are a group of neuropeptides that give optimism and energy.

The production of these substances can be influenced purposefully, suppressing negative factors and stimulating the production of positive ones. Regular sex, proper nutrition, and adequate sleep are considered effective techniques.

Since a person is a biosocial being, his vital energy is significantly influenced, in addition to physical health, by the communication component. To highlight the main causes of emotional changes, it would be appropriate to recall the Wheel of Life Balance, which has eight segments:

  • Household sphere – helps maintain comfort in the home;
  • Spiritual development – ​​fills our lives with deep meaning;
  • Health – determines vital energy, general tone;
  • Career – helps you find your place in life;
  • Rest – renews strength, distracts from worries;
  • Relationships – give the joy of communicating with pleasant people;
  • Family – determines the basic personal attitudes;
  • Finance – gives financial independence.

What Are Different Types of Moods

A person’s mood can also be classified according to another criterion – according to its content or quality. Based on this criterion, many types of mood can be distinguished, which reflect different aspects of a person’s experience:

  • Joyful: happiness, delight, tenderness, love;
  • Sad: sadness, melancholy, nostalgia, loneliness;
  • Anxious: anxiety, fear, apprehension, uncertainty;
  • Irritable: anger, aggression, intolerance, disappointment;
  • Guilty: guilt, shame, remorse, self-criticism;
  • Relaxed: relaxation, tranquility, tranquility, serenity;
  • Excited: energy, interest, curiosity;
  • Boring: apathy, indifference, despondency;
  • Creative: inspiration, creativity, etc.

This is not a complete list of mood types, but just some examples. In reality, mood can be mixed, when a person experiences several emotions at the same time or moves from one emotion or feeling to another.

Differences from Other Mental Processes

To better understand what mood is, let’s consider its main differences from other states and processes:

  • Differences from emotions.The mood is a long-lasting state, while emotions are fleeting. At the same time, emotions flow more vividly and are easier to notice from the outside.
  • Differences from affect.The mood can be hidden or portrayed. The state of effect is obvious to others since it is a very intense process of an explosive nature, during which a person partially or completely loses control over himself.
  • Differences in feelings. Feelings are usually attached to the object that causes them. Moods have no such connection. Feelings can be ambivalent, but ambivalence is not characteristic of the mood.
  • Differences from experiences.Experiences usually have a reason that a person is aware of. The mood is not tied to anything. In this case, the experiences are purely psychological in nature and are not related to well-being or physiological processes.

How Is Emotion Different from Mood? 

Although there is a fundamental difference between emotion and mood, they are two words that can often be confused. First, let’s define what mood is and what emotion is.

Definitions of Mood and Emotion

  • Mood: A mood refers to an emotional state.
  • Emotion: Emotion refers to a psychological state.

Characteristics of Mood and Emotion

Time duration:

  • Mood: A mood lasts for a long period.
  • Emotion: An emotion only lasts for a short period.


  • Mood:  Moods are mild.
  • Emotion: Emotions are extremely intense.

Types of Mood Disorders

The most striking mental disorders with mood swings are the aforementioned bipolar disorder, depression and panic disorder.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar affective disorder is chronic. Consists of at least two episodes with greater than normal changes in mood, energy, and activity. Periods of excessive activity are replaced by an even state, after which a phase of depression begins. However, the disease progresses differently. Modern literature describes about 6 subcategories of bipolar disorder.


Depression is a mental disorder characterized by a depressed, depressed, anxious, melancholy, fearful, or indifferent state and loss of the ability to experience pleasure.

Depression negatively affects all areas of a person’s life and his psyche, including cognitive processes and social activity. Subjectively, the condition is difficult to tolerate and may be accompanied by physical symptoms.

Major depressive disorder can be endogenous, that is, it develops against the background of general well-being, and psychogenic, which appears as a consequence of one or another psychological cause.

Types of Anger Disorders in Adults

Despite seeming unique, anger disorder can be understood in two spheres. Therefore, aggressive people with outbursts of anger can be classified into mild or severe attitudes.

Mild Tantrum

A mild tantrum occurs with an average frequency of twice a week for a minimum period of 3 months. In this sense, it is possible to see that explosive temperament is reflected in insults, swearing, threats, obscene gestures, and physical aggression without bodily harm.

Explosive Aggressive Disorder

Concerning explosive aggressive disorder considered serious, angry people destroy property, in addition to carrying out physical attacks resulting in bodily harm. Generally, these incidents occur 3 times within a period of one year.


So, that wraps up our exploration of ‘Different Types of Moods.’ Remember, understanding our emotions is a key player in mental health. Speaking of which, if you’re dealing with mood-related disorders, you’re not alone. The Renewed Mental Health Group is here, offering support and understanding. Because in this journey, we’re all figuring out the emotional rollercoaster together. Take care of your mental well-being—it matters.

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Brittlin Fagundes

Associate Marriage and Family Therapist

Brittlin Fagundes is an Associate Marriage and Family Therapist at Renewed Mental Health Group. She graduated with her bachelor’s degree in Psychology from Sonoma State University. Brittlin then returned to her hometown of San Diego, California, where she received her Master of Arts in Clinical Counseling from Point Loma Nazarene University.

In her spare time, Brittlin enjoys being outdoors, spending time with her family and friends, playing and watching sports, and listening to music. Brittlin finds these activities very therapeutic, as they allow her to clear her mind and reflect and provide her pure happiness. Brittlin works with her clients to find their hobbies and interests, which can be great coping and grounding skills for needy individuals.

Brittlin has experience with various ages and populations- children, adolescents, adults and elderly, groups, LGBTQ+ individuals and families of all different socioeconomic statuses. In addition, Brittlin has worked with various diagnoses such as anxiety, depression, addiction, Bipolar Disorder, schizophrenia, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Brittlin takes pride in her ability to have a personable relationship with her clients, as she finds it vital for them to feel comfortable in her presence.

Brittlin understands that everyone carries a unique story with extraordinary hardships and stressors. She is dedicated to creating a safe and supportive environment where her clients can overcome obstacles and work toward positive change. Brittlin believes therapy should be a collaborative process that fosters personal growth and healing. Overall, Brittlin strives to use various therapeutic techniques to empower her clients to overcome their obstacles, working towards self- discovery.

Carissa Mendez-Munder

Associate Clinical Social Worker

Carissa Mendez-Munder is a Mental Health Therapist at Renewed mental Health group. Carissa is a Registered Associate Clinical Social Worker with the California Board of Behavioral Sciences. Carissa graduated with her master’s in clinical social work from Baylor University.

Carissa’s education and work experience have allowed her to work with a diverse clientele ranging from 4 to 100 years old and across all economic and cultural backgrounds. Carissa has offered individual, group, and family counseling in both English and Spanish for these diverse caseloads. Carissa has provided counseling, emotional and communication skills groups, and grief and anger management groups at the elementary, middle, and high school ages. Carissa works most commonly with diagnoses of Anxiety, Depression, Anger management, life-stage struggles, adjustment disorders, ADHD, family conflict (including non-traditional family arrangements, LGBTQIA+ youth), prolonged grief, and PTSD.

Carissa’s experience has given her more perspective on how external influences, systems, and traumatic experiences in a person’s life can affect their overall health and well-being. Carissa works with her clients using a strengths-based perspective and person-centered approaches to counseling to sharpen tools, skills, and any other client strengths. Carissa works to create a “toolkit” with her clients to better work with these external influences. Carissa believes that every person can change and has the tools to do so. Her role as a therapist is to draw attention to these tools and strengths and help the client find their motivations. Carissa believes in a person’s inherent worth and dignity and their right to live a fulfilling life. Carissa takes pride in seeing her clients achieve their therapy goals and grow their confidence and self-determination. Carissa offers a safe space for her clients for in-person or telehealth sessions and is currently accepting new patients.

Taryn A. Joyce


Taryn is a board-certified psychiatric nurse practitioner with 6+ years of experience in mental health care. Taryn earned her Masters’ of Science in Nursing degree from California State University, Long Beach. Taryn specializes in ADHD, anxiety disorders, depression/mood disorders, schizophrenia, PTSD, and personality disorders. Taryn utilizes a patient-centered approach emphasizing collaboration and empowerment, ensuring each individual receives personalized care tailored to their unique needs.

Taryn has years of experience in inpatient and outpatient mental health settings, most recently in the community mental health setting, serving clients from various backgrounds, ethnicities, cultures, genders, and socioeconomic statuses. As a committed advocate, Taryn brings a blend of expertise in psychiatric nursing, evidence-based interventions, and a compassionate approach to foster positive outcomes. Taryn looks forward to partnering with you on your journey to mental wellness.

Alice Kim


Alice Kim is a board-certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner. Alice has many years of experience in psychiatry in acute inpatient and outpatient settings.

She believes that mental health is essential but is often a forgotten or invisible part of healthcare.She wants to be an advocate and caregiver for the vulnerable population in a compassionate, empathetic, and nonjudgmental approach.

Alice has made it her life’s passion to utilize her skills to help others aware of their illness and offer patients and their families quality care, support, and guidance during a time of difficulty.

Alice Kim 은 이사회 인증을 받은 정신과 정신 건강 간호사 실무자입니다.

앨리스는 급성기 입원환자 및 외래에서 수년간 정신과에서 근무한 경험이 있다.

그녀는 정신 건강은 필수적이지만, 종종 의료에서 잊혀지거나 보이지 않는 부분이라고 믿는다. 그녀는 연민적이고, 공감적이며, 비판적이지 않은 접근으로 취약한 사람들을 옹호하고 돌보는 사람이 되기를 원한다. Alice는 자신의 기술을 활용하여 다른 사람들이 자신의 질병을 인지하도록 돕고, 환자와 가족의 간병, 지원 및 어려운 시기에 안내를 제공하는 것을 자신의 삶의 열정으로 삼았습니다.

Alice는 2개 국어를 구사하며 한국어에 능통하기 때문에 한국어로 말하는 환자에게 도움이 될 수 있는데, 이는 혼란을 없애고 환자 만족을 제공하며 양질의 의료 서비스를 제공하는 데 도움이 되기 때문입니다.

Cristian Cuevas


Cristian Cuevas, PMHNP-BC, is a highly skilled board-certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner with over seven years of experience in inpatient psychiatry and mental health.

A California State University Long Beach graduate, Cristian also earned recognition as a board-certified psychiatric mental health registered nurse. With a wealth of expertise in adult psychiatric care across the lifespan, Cristian has successfully diagnosed and treated a diverse range of mental health disorders.

Additionally, his specialized experience in child and adolescent inpatient populations further enhances his ability to provide comprehensive and compassionate mental health care.